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venerdì, Maggio 17, 2024

UNSC adopts resolution on vessels inspections in the Mediterranean

NEW YORK, SEPTEMBER 29 – With resolution 2698, the Security Council today decided to renew, for a period of 12 months, its prior authorization allowing Member States to inspect vessels on the high seas off Libya’s coast, when there are reasonable grounds to believe they are participating in acts of migrant smuggling and human trafficking.

The resolution was adopted by a vote of 14 in favour and none against, with one abstention (Russian Federation). The document condems all acts of migrant smuggling and human trafficking into, through and from the Libyan territory and off the coast of Libya, which undermine further the process of stabilization of that country and endanger the lives of hundreds of thousands of people.

Through the text, the Council also called upon Member States to place the human rights and immediate needs of migrants and refugees at the core of their efforts to prevent and counter smuggling and trafficking. In addition, it called upon all States with relevant jurisdiction to investigate and prosecute persons responsible for acts of migrant smuggling and human trafficking at sea, in accordance with their obligations under international law.

By further terms of the text adopted today, the Council renewed the reporting requirements provided for in Council resolution 2240 (2015) and requested the Secretary-General to report to the Council 11 months after the adoption of the resolution on its implementation.

Malta’s representative, speaking prior to adoption, said the resolution aims to send a strong message to those seeking to profit from the suffering of migrants. It also seeks to put human rights and needs of migrants and refugees at the core of efforts to counter smuggling and trafficking off the coast of Libya. Therefore, it intends to effectively manage mass migration, while respecting human rights law, she added. Malta and France were pen-holders of the text.

The Russian Federation’s delegate explained his country’s abstention arguing that a Council briefing on the issue, convened yesterday at his country’s request, failed to provide answers to the question of why the resolution was needed if the European Union is unable to discharge the functions that it asked for. (@OnuItalia)

Il giornale Italiano delle Nazioni Unite. Ha due redazioni, una a New York, l’altra a Roma.

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